ResearchStudy Finds "Safeners" Help Protect Sweet Potatoes from Herbicides

Study Finds “Safeners” Help Protect Sweet Potatoes from Herbicides


A recent study from researchers at Clemson University and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) found new formulas for “safeners” which protect sweet potatoes from herbicide injury, a Nov. 17 news release says.

The release notes sweet potatoes, which are a broadleaf plant, can be damaged by herbicides meant to control broadleaf weeds. Safeners are chemicals used to make herbicides safer.

Giovanni Caputo and his team from Clemson University and the USDA studied a range of safeners. They set up experiments in a greenhouse in South Carolina and tested the herbicides bentazon and mesotrione on two varieties of sweet potatoes, Beauregard and Covington, the release says.

The safeners they used included two types of plant hormones. The team also tested melatonin which is well-known for its role in the sleep cycle in humans, but it also occurs naturally in plants and is involved in growth and photosynthesis.

The release notes researchers found different safeners worked better depending on the variety of sweet potato and the herbicide being used. For example, melatonin greatly reduced how much bentazon injured Beauregard plants. Covington plants were best protected by ascorbic acid, better known as vitamin C. Melatonin and ascorbic acid provided the best benefit with the mesotrione herbicide, the release says.

To make sure the safeners didn’t affect the herbicide’s ability to kill weeds, the Clemson team tested the new formulas on Palmer amaranth and yellow nutsedge. The release notes the new formulas were still effective weed killers.

The findings were published in Agrosystems, Geosciences and Environment Journal, a publication of the American Society of Agronomy and the Crop Science Society of America. Funding for this research was provided by Agricultural Society of South Carolina.

Related Articles

Post-Harvest Treatment Found to Reduce Necrosis in Covington Sweet Potatoes

A Growing Appetite for Sweet Potatoes

Looking Closely at the Perks of Using Cover Crops

Trending This Week

Soil Moisture Tensiometer

Tips to Reduce Heat Stress on Potatoes

How to save your potato crop when hot temperatures happen. As a consequence of climate change, Ontario has been experiencing summer temperatures that exceed what’s...
Centre pivot in P.E.I.

P.E.I. Potato Board Calls on Feds to Listen to International Experts Report

The Prince Edward Island Potato Board is calling on the federal government to listen to the findings from an international panel of experts who...
Potatoes New Brunswick logo

Potatoes New Brunswick Announces 2022 Conference Program

The New Brunswick Potato Conference and Trade Show will feature sessions on precision agriculture, diseases and economics, a Jan. 20 website post said. The...
Cocktail of common scab on potatoes

Common Scab, a Problem without a Solution?

Common scab continues to cause concern for potato growers. Common scab, caused mainly by the seed and soil-borne bacterium Streptomyces scabies, continues to be a...
Fertilizer spreading

Manitoba Launches New Fertilizer Efficiency Calculator

Manitoba has launched a new fertilizer efficiency calculator tool based on field-specific soil test results and science-based analysis to provide application recommendations, a Jan....